By default the Linux OS has a very efficient memory management process that should be freeing any cached memory on the machine that it is being run on. However when it comes to Cached memory the Linux OS may at times decide that the Cached memory is being used and is needed which can lead to memory related issues and ultimately rob your server of any potentially free memory. To combat this you can force the Linux OS to free up and stored Cached memory.
- Connect via shell using a program such as Putty
- At the shell prompt type crontab -e <enter> as this will allow you to edit cron jobs for the root user.
- If you are not familiar with vi (linux editor) you press “i” to insert text and once done hit “esc” and type “:wq” to save the file.
- Scroll to the bottom of the cron file using the arrows key and enter the following line:
0 * * * * /root/clearcache.sh
- Create a file in ‘/root’ called ‘clearcache.sh’ with the following content:
sync; echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
- Once you have saved this file, the job is complete!
Every hour the cron job will run this command and clear any memory cache that has built up.
An example from a test server before and after running this task.
Note before the server was using 1.918Gb of RAM with 1.4983Gb in Cache and after running the script the server is now only using 172Mb of RAM and only 38.9Gb in Cache.